Monday, September 12, 2016
THE YOUNG ANTISOCIAL SUBTYPE ALCOHOLIC
This group is the second largest of the subtypes. The young antisocial subtype and the young adult subtype do not overlap. The young antisocial subtype's average age is 26. They have the earliest age of onset drinking, which is an average of 15 years and the earliest age of alcohol dependence, which is an average of 18 years. Young antisocial alcoholics maximum number of drinks is 17, the highest of all the subtypes. Last year they drank an average of 201 days, out of which about 161(80%) of the days was binge drinking. They usually consume 5 or more drinks a day. 76% are male. The percentage that have college degrees is 7.6%, although 13.4% are in school. Those employed full-time is around 47%. They have the lowest income of all the groups. Over half of them have an alcoholic dependent family member. Also, over have of the young antisocial subtype have antisocial personality disorder. They have three or more of these characteristics: irresponsibility, impulsiveness, deceitfulness, lack of remorse, recurring criminal activities, regular fights and assaults and no regard for the safety of others. Even if this subtypes does not have this disorder, just like those who do, they may have a co-existing illness. 37% have major depression, with 15% having experienced a major episode during childhood. Those who suffer from bipolar are 33%. 19% have obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Those having social phobia are 14%. In addition, they have high rates of substance abuse. For examples, 77% smoke cigarettes, 66% meet the cannabis abuse/dependence criteria, 29% have cocaine use disorder and 8% meet the amphetamine abuse/dependence criteria. Those having antisocial personality disorder, may find it difficult for them to seek or accept help for alcoholism. But, almost 35% have sought help for their alcohol-dependence problems. They like self-help groups, detoxification programs, and specialty treatment programs. In treatments offered by individual private health care providers, the rates of participation are high. According to the NIAAA, antisocial personality disorder and alcohol are a dangerous combination. In their lifetime, people with that disorder are 21 times more likely to develop alcohol dependence. Alcohol increases aggressive behavior more so than in people without antisocial personality disorder. Making this group especially vulnerable, is the fact that people with antisocial personality disorder show impaired executive functioning.