Saturday, February 17, 2018

Harmful effects of domestic violence

Families are hurt as much as victims in a domestic violence situation. This is not to be ignored. People can be badly hurt who suffer from abuse. They are likely to have long-lasting, chronic health problems, like post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and headaches. These health problems are caused by the repeated injuries and stress from living with abuse. When women get pregnant, abuse can happen more often and get worse. For both the mother and the baby it is dangerous. It can raise the baby's risk of premature birth, low birth weight and even death. With the pregnancy, the mother will have a higher risk of problems. Abuse has a big effect of the children. Violence is seen as a normal way of life for children who live in a home where abuse happens. It raises the chance of being either an abuser or as victims. Teens are at a greater risk for unsafe behavior, depression, alcohol and drug use.

Why do victims of domestic violence stay?

For people who are not abused it may be hard to understand why anyone would stay in a violent relationship. It is not true that if a person stays in an abusive relationship he/she is weak or needy. There is more to this than simply staying or leaving. A woman may fear that the abuser will hurt her children. She may also fear that her children will be taken away. Limited resources may be a problem. He/she may blame themselves. He/she may not want to break up the family. Maybe he/she is staying for religious reasons. He/she may love their abuser. He/she may hope things get better. Some abusers threaten self-harm or suicide.

Friday, February 16, 2018

Physical Symptoms of Depression

1- SLEEP PROBLEMS Your body can be affected by depression as well as your mind. With depression, trouble falling or staying asleep is common. Others may find that they get too much sleep. 2- CHEST PAIN See your doctor to rule out heart, lung or stomach problems. It can be a symptom of depression too. Your risk of heart disease can be raised by depression. Plus, people are more likely to be depressed if they have had a heart attack. 3- FATIGUE AND EXHAUSTION It may be a sign that you are depressed if you feel so tired that you don't have energy for everyday tasks. Even when you sleep a lot. Fatigue and depression together make both conditions seem worse. 4- ACHING MUSCLES AND JOINTS Your risk of depression can be raised when you live with ongoing pain. Because the two conditions share chemical messengers in the brain, depression may also lead to pain. People are 3 times as likely to get regular pain who are depressed. 5- DIGESTIVE PROBLEMS Many of us get stomachaches or nausea when we're stressed or worried because our brains and digestive systems are strongly connected. Depression can cause nausea, indigestion, constipation or diarrhea. 6- HEADACHES People with major depression, one study shows, are 3 times more likely to have migraines. Also,people with migraines are 5 times more likely to get depressed. 7- CHANGES IN APPETITE OR WEIGHT Some people can't stop eating when depressed. Others feel less hungry. Along with lack of energy, the result may be weight gain or loss. Eating disorders like bulimia, anorexia or binge eating have been linked to depression. 8- BACK AND NECK PAIN People who are depressed may be 4 times more likely to get intense, disabling neck or back pain. 9- AGITATED AND RESTLESS You can feel this way with sleep problems or other depression symptoms. When they are depressed, men are more likely to feel this way than women.

What should you do if you know someone who is being abused?

Be a caring friend and good listener. Keep reminding them that no one deserves to be treated that way. Let he/she know help is available and abuse is against the law. To stay safe, help the person make a plan. Suggest he/she call the NATIONAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE HOTLINE at 1-800-799 SAFE(1-800-799-7233) to find a local domestic violence support group. Remember this person may not want to leave or be ready to leave. He/she probably knows the abuser best. The person will know what options are safest. It is very important for victims of abuse to know where they can get help.

12 Types of Depression

1) MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER or CLINICAL DEPRESSION Most common form of the disorder. 16 million or more adults have suffered at least one episode. Doctors look for at least five symptoms that affect how you feel, think and behave to make a diagnosis. They include loss of interest in activities, sadness, sleeplessness, trouble making decisions, sleepiness, difficult concentrating and suicidal thoughts or actions. 2) PERSISTENT DEPRESSIVE DISORDER You may have Persistent Depressive Disorder if you have been feeling down for at least 2 years. The doctor may call it dysthmia or dysthmic disorder. Seems to affect more women than men. Also, kids and teens can have it. If they have this, it makes them more irritable than depressed. Symptoms need to last only a year to make a diagnosis. 3) BIPOLAR DISORDER or MANIC DEPRESSION Emotional highs(mania) and lows(depression). These swings affect how you feel, your behavior and judgement. Can cause problems with relationships, work and day-to-day life. Common with bipolar disorder are suicidal thoughts and behaviors. 4) SEASONAL AFFECTIVE DISORDER With SAD, the symptoms are the same as depression. But happen only during the fall and winter, when there is less daylight. In America, 5% of adults save SAD. Light therapy or medication can quickly ease symptoms. When spring arrives, people can improve on their own. 5) PSYCHOTIC DEPRESSION Severe type of depression. Symptoms include delusions and hallucinations. You may be unable to relax and be agitated. Thinking clearly or more normally may slow down. A short hospital stay is usually required with psychotic depression. 6) POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION After their baby's birth, most moms feel a little blue. You could have postpartum depression if those feelings are severe. Symptoms can happen a few weeks after the baby's birth or up to a year later. Common symptoms are difficulty bonding with baby, mood swings, behavioral fears about your mothering and changes in thoughts. See your doctor if you feel it is more than the baby blues. 7) PREMENSTRUAL DYSPHORIC DISORDER The cramping and moodiness of Premenstrual Syndrome affect many women. You may have Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder if you have severe PMS that affects your job and relationships. 7 to 10 days before your period the symptoms start. They go away a few days after your period starts. See your doctor if you think you have PMDD. Treatment can include antidepressants, oral contraceptives and lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise. 8) ADJUSTMENT DISORDER You may have Adjustment Disorder is it's difficult to move forward. This disorder causes depression, anxiety or both. These may also be called "situational symptoms". They start within 3 months of a stressful event. 6 months later they are usually gone. Depending on the cause, they can last longer. Talk therapy is usually the treatment for it. 9) ATYPICAL DEPRESSION You feel sad and empty with most forms of depression. You may have Atypical depression if your depression lifts briefly after good news or a positive experience. Its symptoms are a little different, but it is not rare. You may have a bigger appetite, be especially sensitive to criticism, sleep 10 or more hours a day and get a heavy feeling in your arms and legs. These and along with the temporary mood lift. 10) TREATMENT-RESISTANT DEPRESSION Today's treatments for most people work well to help you get your life back on track. Some people need a little more help. About 1/3 of people with depression. Why some people respond well to treatment while others don't are being looked at by doctors. There may be success for a little while with their treatment, then it will stop working. You should see a doctor even if your depression is tougher to treat. 11) SUBSYNDROMAL DEPRESSION It means you have some symptoms of a disorder, not enough for a diagnosis. You have at least two symptoms, but fewer than the five that are necessary for your doctor to diagnosis major depression. Your symptoms must affect your quality of life for at least two weeks to get a diagnosis of this type of depression. 12) DISRUPTIVE MOOD DYSREGULATION DISORDER Children with this disorder are usually irritable and have outbursts well beyond what's expected. Kids were previously diagnosed with Pediatric Bipolar Disorder, but their symptoms did not always fit.

Tuesday, February 13, 2018

Things you can do if you are in a domestic abuse situation

1) Know your rights. Consider asking the police for help. 2) Make sure that you know phone numbers you can call and places you can go in an emergency. 3) Teach your children not to get in the middle of a fight. 4) If you think you may leave make a plan to help when you are getting ready to leave. Your plan might include: Putting together and hiding a suitcase of clothing, copies of your car and house keys, money or credit cards, and important papers, such as Social Security cars and birth certificates for you and your children. Keep the suitcase hidden in your house or leave it with friends or family or at work if possible. 5) Open a savings account or get a credit card if you can do so in secret. If you are a teen, talk to a trusted adult, such as parents, family friends or school counselor. You can also call the National Teen Dating Abuse Hotline toll free: 1-866-331-9474 This is copied from WebMD information on Domestic Violence

Myths about Emotional Eating and Binge Eating Disorder

MYTH NO. 1: You have Binge Eating Disorder because you eat when you are upset or anxious. It is true that people who binge often do so to numb emotions. Emotions such as sadness, painfulness or upsetting feelings. Most people do not have Binge Eating Disorder that turn to food because of how they are feeling. MYTH NO. 2: You have BED if you eat a lot of food in one sitting. A binge is indeed eating a significant amount of food in a short amount of time. But bingeing from time to time does not mean you have a disorder. 80% of people binge occasionally, for example, the holidays. If you alone because you are embarrassed that you binge all the time, then you need to see a doctor. MYTH NO. 3: People with BED overeat because they're too focused on food. It's often the reverse. They tend not to focus enough on what they have eating. Until they have finished, they do not realize how much they have eaten. Keep a journal if you are worried about your eating habits. Before, during and after a meal, write down in detail how you feel. Noting what you eat and how much you eat can help you become more mindful about your eating. MYTH NO. 4: You should wait to eat until you feel your stomach growling. That is a sign of physical hunger. The body doesn't signal it it time to eat for a lot of people until many, many hours after the last meal. A rumbling stomach can mean that it has been too long since you last ate. That makes you more vulnerable to overeating. Also, it makes you more likely to chose unhealthy foods. Those foods with a lot of fat, salt and sugar. A good idea, if you are prone to binges, is to eat healthy foods at regular meal times that are scheduled every 3 to 4 hours. Following a schedule removes some of the decision making, especially wondering whether you are hungry or not.