Friday, March 16, 2018

All About Nicotine

Nicotine is natural and is found in tobacco leaves. Nicotine nudges your body to make more adrenaline. This makes your heart rate speed up, your blood pressure rises and you breathe faster. The nicotine enters your blood stream through your lungs when you smoke a cigarette. It opens the doors for more adrenaline and drives up levels of the feel-good brain chemical called dopomine. Smokeless tobacco products are not safer than cigarettes. You can get hooked on dip and chew as well. Keeping in your mouth an average size wad of dip for 30 minutes will give you as much nicotine as smoking three cigarettes. As far as e-cigarettes, no one knows how much nicotine they contain. Even those that claim to be nicotine-free, contain the drug. Nearly all e-cigarettes contain nicotine. Because the amount varies, it can be hard to know how much of the drug you are getting. Also, the amount does not always match what is on the label. Nicotine does not cause lung cancer, but it will get you addicted to tobacco. The most serious health problems, like lung cancer, emphysema and heart disease are due to some of the many other toxic smoke. Toxins such as, formaldehyde, cyanide, ammonia and tar. Your appetite craves food when you quit nicotine. Most find when they stop smoking that they are hungrier than ever. You may feel stressed, anxious or depressed, while detoxing off nicotine. Withdrawal symptoms will probably last a few days or weeks. You may want to use nicotine replacement therapy. It can help control your cravings and help you succeed in quitting for good. This is from a quiz on WebMD

What are the symptoms of PTSD when healing from narcissistic abuse?

"Here is a list of common C-PTSD symptoms that are experienced. Difficulty regulating emotions, Explosive anger, Suicidal preoccupation, Isolation and withdrawal, Feeling of terror and confusion, Dissociation Forming a preoccupation with the perpetrator(Stockholm Syndrome), Pervasive sense of hopelessness and despair, shame, guilt, self-blame and low self-esteem. Sense of defilement or stigma." Answered by Marissa Katrin Maldonado Founder at The Treatment Specialist (2015-present)

How do you explain PTSD "triggers" to someone?

"A PTSD trigger is any sensory event(sound, smell, sight, touch) that elicits an immediate, and sometimes unconscious somatic stress(survival) response in a person with PTSD. The trigger is perceived as an immediate threat to survival, and that triggers a hard-wired response in the brain to get the rest of the body to confront the threat "fight", to get the hell away from it "flight", or to avoid it, possum-style "freeze". "The fight-flight-freeze stress response is incredibly fast. It activates the body IMMEDIATELY. The brain's messages floods the body with several stress hormones(including epinephrine, norepinephrine, cortisol) which increase heart rate, breathing rate, blood pressure, blood sugar levels, blood flow to skeletal muscle, and cause "tunnel vision" which helps to hyper focus on the threat. They also decrease nonpriority survival processes such as digestion and libido. The stress response is biologically expensive. It is a last-resort effort to maintain survival. It beats the body up. It is not supposed to be something that occurs everyday. But it does in a person with PTSD. Now, imagine how utterly exhausting it must feel to experience this on a near-daily basis. Your heart is racing, your muscles are tense, you're jumpy and short-tempered, ready to attack or hide. You can't concentrate on anything other than the threat. Or you zone out and are unable to feel your body or where you are spatially. A "normal, everyday" sound, smell, sight or touch that the survival center of your brain associated with a lethal threat during the traumatic event now evokes the overwhelming, whole-body stress response. "It's difficult to describe such a perception and response, especially since it's not within the scale of "normal". It's like trying to describe the color red to a person who is blind." Answered on Quora by Niamh XXXX

Why do people cut themselves? Does the pain give them joy or something?

"As someone who personally used to cut his wrists I'll give you a simple answer. It allowed me to distract myself from the intense emotional suffering that I was feeling. Allowed me to temporarily feel good." "Self-harm Those who engage in self-harm face the contradictory reality of harming themselves while at the same time obtaining relief from this act. It may even be hard for some to actually initiate cutting, but they often do because they know the relief will follow. For some self-harmers this relief is primarily psychological while for others this feeling of relief comes from the beta endorphins released in the brain. Endorphins are endogenous opioids that are released in response to physical injury, act as natural painkillers and induce pleasant feelings and emotional distress. 2. Many self-harmers report feeling very little to no pain while self-harming and, for some, deliberate self-harm may become a means of seeking pleasure."

Tuesday, March 13, 2018


Each personality type has four letters. Types that like making decisions(J's) Types that like to keep their options open(P's) Types that like details(S's) Types that look at the forest instead of the trees(N's) Types that choose based on emotion(F's) Types that choose based on logic(T's) Types that talk a lot because they think out loud(E's) Types that talk less often because they think before they speak(I's) ANALYSTS INTJ "ARCHITECT" Imaginative and strategic thinkers with a plan for everything INTP "LOGICIAN" Innovative inventors with an unquenchable thirst for knowledge ENTJ "COMMANDER" Bold, imaginative and strong-willed leaders, always finding a way-or making one ENTP "DEBATER" Smart and curious thinkers who cannot resist an intellectual challenge DIPLOMATS INFJ "ADVOCATE" Quiet and mystical, yet very inspiring and tireless idealists INFP "MEDIATOR" Poetic, kind and altruistic people, always eager to help a good cause ENFJ "PROTAGONIST" Charismatic and inspiring leaders, able to mesmerize their listeners ENFP "CAMPAIGNER" Enthusiastic, creative and sociable free spirits, who can always find a reason to smile SENTINELS ISTJ "LOGISTICIAN" Practical and fact-minded individuals, whose reliability cannot be doubted ISFJ "DEFENDER" Very dedicated and warm protectors, always ready to defend their loved ones ESTJ "EXECUTIVE" Excellent administrators, unsurpassed at managing things-or people ESFJ "CONSUL" Extraordinarily caring, social and popular people, always eager to help EXPLORERS ISTP "VIRTUOSO" Bold and practical experimenters, masters of all kinds of tools ISFP "ADVENTURER" Flexible and charming artists, always ready to explore and experience something new ESTP "ENTREPRENEUR" Smart, energetic and very perceptive people, who truly enjoy living on the edge ESFP "ENTERTAINER" Spontaneous, energetic and enthusiastic people-life is never boring around them This is copied from 16Personalities and Quistic

Monday, March 12, 2018

What do you think are the most significant barriers to recover from mental illness?

"From working in the medical field, I believe that there are two significant barriers when it comes to recovering from mental illness: First is the notion that mental illness is something you "recover" from. Mental illness is often a chronic, lifelong illness, which means the focus needs to be shifted away from "curing" it towards ",manging" it. Coping strategies, mental health care, talk therapy, and medications all aid in managing the illness. The second barrier is the social stigmas that surround mental illness. If people are too afraid to discover that they're mentally ill to seek help in the first place, we can't even begin working towards better societal management. You see people saying things like "mental illness is all in your head" and "just try being happy",when the fact of the matter is that mental illnesses are a chemical imbalance in your brain, the same way that people with diabetes don't produce the right chemical(insulin) to be able to process sugars. We need to reframe the way we look at mental illness and, instead of placing blame on the mentally ill for having their illness, look at mental illness the way we look at any other medical malady." Full question is As a mental health professional, what do you think are the most significant barriers to recover from mental illness? This was on Quora answered by Duane Buise, works at EMED

Is PTSD just for people in the military?

Answered on Quora by Tania Russell Teaching Intern (2015-present) "PTSD was orginally listed in the DSM as Shellshock a disorder plaguing those who returned from war. As psychologist have deepened their understanding of PTSD is is understood that any type of traumatic incident can trigger this disorder, sexual assault, abuse or any incident that threatened one's life or well being. Soldiers are not the only persons diagnosed with PTSD. Urban youth are more likely to be diagnosed with the disorder than soldiers. Over 95% of sexual assault victims experience PTSD. A little known fact is that PTSD is not a permanent diagnosis."