Friday, November 17, 2017

What is the difference between Type I and Type II Schizophrenia

Answered on Quora by Kaytee Faulkner, studies Psychological Science at Australian Catholic University "Type I Schizophrenia consists exclusively of positive symptoms, has a later and typically sudden onset and a better response to treatment(pharmocotherapy) It is associated with biochemical abnormalities and individuals with this type generally have higher premorbid functioning. Type II Schizophrenia, however, manifests only negative symptoms which typically have an earlier onset. It is associated with structural abnormalities in the brain and individuals with it have a poorer prognosis and lower premorbid functioning".


1 in 6 workers are caregivers in America. 56% work full-time. 16% work 30-39 hours. 25% work under 30 hours. 70% have work-related difficulties due to their dual roles. 24% say that caregiving affects their work performance. About 25% of all family caregivers are millennials About 50% are under the age of 50


A new study suggests that where you were born may be associated with your risk for developing dementia. This is true even if you later move far away. The nine states that JAMA Neurology found higher rates in also high rates of stroke deaths. The study was adjusted for age, sex and race. Those born in Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Tennessee, South Carolina and West Virginia risk of dementia was 28% higher. "Although you can't change where you were born," lead author of the study, Paola Gilsanz says "you can work toward maximizing overall brain health by following the recommendations of the Alzeimer's Association and the American Heart Association".


1- MINDFULNESS Tai chi is designed to calm both mind and body by using breathing and flowing movements. It helps you focus on the present moment. It is a powerful antidote to stress and anxiety through the combination of gentle exercise, stretching and mindfulness. 2- GETTING PROPER REST Sleep issues are not uncommon. Struggling with sleep can range from medication to menopause. Sleep has a major role in immune health. It helps improve memory, reduces risk of depression, boosts immunity, weight loss and skin repair. 3- BEING ACTIVE Yoga can calm the mind and body, stretch out muscles and relieve stress. A resistance workout that challenges every muscle groups while supporting your weight is swimming. Between 300-600 calories an hour can be burned by dancing. 4- EAT PLENTY OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES They are an excellent source of vitamin C. Vitamin C has a vital role in building a healthy immune system. They help remove free radicals that can damage the immune system because they are rich in antioxidants. Try to eat 5 servings a day from sources like peppers, broccoli, tomatoes, berries, kiwi and citrus fruits. 5- VITAMIN E Vitamin E is an antioxidant that boosts immunity by helping maintain T-cell levels. T-cell levels are a type of white blood cell that looks for infections. This vitamin can be found in green leafy vegetables, vegetable oils, nuts and whole grains. 6- AT LEAST ONCE A WEEK EAT FISH Omega-3 fats and vitamin D are a powerful combo found in fresh tuna, sardines, mackerel, trout and salmon. Whenever our skin is exposed to sunshine, our bodies make vitamin D. Since we often get less sun in the winter, it is important to eat more vitamin D foods. 7- DAILY PROBIOTIC SUPPLEMENT The first line of defense against infection is the digestive system. That is why it is important to keep it healthy with plenty of good bacteria. A probiotic supplement provides digestive support to help you maintain digestive balance. Small steps every day can make a big difference, however you decide to add immune boosters into your routine. Any diet and exercise changes should by discussed with your doctor.

Sunday, November 12, 2017

Why do so many people resisit being medicated for mental health issues?

That was the question from Qoura. Answered by Nina Pitts, Pharm D Pharmacy University of Florida(2004) "People, in general, do not want to take "maintenance" medications. "Maintenance" medications have to be monitored at regular intervals and taken everyday for the rest of one's life. Most people are comfortable with taking an aspirin or acetominophen for an occasional headache or muscle ache either on a one-time basis or for a couple of days until the pain is gone or taking a course of antibiotics for an infection for 10-14 days. They see a beginning and an end. Medications for things like high blood pressure, diabetes or blood thinners, etc. aren't one-time things. They have to be taken everyday (or whatever the interval) and monitored regularly. There is no end. The same with drugs needed for mental health issues. Once a working regimen is found, the medications still have to be taken and monitored on a regular basis to see if it 's doing what it is supposed to do. A lot of patients with mental health issues will be doing great on their medication regimen, think that they are "cured" and then stop taking the medication. A lot of mental health medications also have some serious side-effects. For some, the medication(because of the side-effects) are worse than the disease.


9- HANGOVER It is no accident that you have a cotton-mouth, bleary-eyed morning after. Alcohol makes you dehydrated. It also makes blood vessels in your body and brain expand, which gives you a headache. You get nausea and vomiting because your stomach wants to get rid of the toxins and acid that booze churns up. Your liver didn't release enough sugar into your blood due to the fact it was so busy processing alcohol. This brings on weakness and the shakes. 10- AFFECTS HEART RHYTHM Your electrical signals that keep your heart's rhythm steady, can be jumbled by just one night of binge drinking. You can make those changes permanent if you binge drink for years. Your heart can literally wear out. Just like an old rubber band, your heart muscles overtime droop and stretch. Your part of your body is impacted because it can not pump blood as well. 11- BODY TEMPERATURE CHANGE Alcohol widens your blood vessels. This makes more blood flow to your skin and makes you blush. It also makes you feel warm and toasty. Your temperature will drop because the heat from that extra blood goes right out of of your body. Long-term, heavy drinking, on the other hand, boosts your blood pressure. Stress hormones are released that narrow blood vessels, so your heart pumps harder to push blood through. 12- WEAK IMMUNE SYSTEM There might be a connection between a cold and a night of drinking. Alcohol interferes with your immune system. The number of white blood cells can't be made by your body it needs to fight germs. You are more likely to get sick during the 24 hours after drinking. Pneumonia and tuberculosis are two examples of illnesses long-term, heavy drinkers are much more likely to get. 13- HAVIC ON HORMONES To keep these powerful chemicals going smoothly, they need to be in the right balance. But they are thrown off by alcohol. In women, problems with periods and getting pregnant can occur. In men, it means a lower sperm count, shrinking testicles and breast growth. 14- LOSS OF HEARING No one knows exactly, but alcohol impacts your hearing. It may mess with the part of the brain that processes sound. Another possibility is it might damage the nerves and tiny hairs in your inner ear that help you hear. Drinking makes you need a sound louder in order to hear it. This could become permanent. It is common for long-term drinkers to have hearing loss. 15- LESS MUSCLE, THIN BONES Booze limits blood flow to your muscles. It gets in the way of the proteins that build them up. You will have lower muscle mass and less strength. Your calcium levels can be thrown off by heavy drinking. With the hormone changes that alcohol triggers, your body can be kept from building new bone. You could develop a condition could osteoporosis, which is when your bones get thinner and more fragile.

Saturday, November 11, 2017


Antisocial Personality Disorder(ASPD) is described as a Axis II personality disorder. It is characterized by a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others that typically begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. Those who have this disorder may have an impoverished conscience or sense of morality and may have a history of crime, legal problems and impulsive and aggressive behavior. The antisocial personality disorder falls under the dramatic/erratic cluster of personality disorders. Defined on